GHANA: The Land of the Warrior King (Part 1)

Land of the Warrior
King (Part 1)

The Republic of Ghana which means “Warrior
King” is an
power house in West Africa, and has one of the biggest economies on the African
continent and one of the world’s
fastest growing economies.
It is a
fossil fuel-rich,
natural and
mineral resource nation.
It is home to one of the world’s largest gold and
sweet crude oil
reserves and also the second major producer of
cocoa in
the world.

Source: Agyei
The Ghanaians
are a people originating in the
Gold Coast
. Native West Africans make up 98% percent of the Ghanaian
population. There is also a new population of
Asians, Middle Easterners, Europeans and other recent immigrants. There are over 100
different ethnic groups, each with its own distinct language.

Ghana’s cultural
diversity is most evident in cuisine, arts, literature, heritage, music, dance,
clothing, and sports.
Kente is a Ghanaian ceremonial cloth traditionally
used as the national costume. Kente is hand-woven on a horizontal
in strips and sewn
together into larger pieces of cloth which come in various colours and designs.
During the 13th century, Ghanaians developed their unique art of
adinkra printing.
Notable Ghanaian authors
include novelists
Ayi Kwei Armah (The
Beautyful Ones Are Not Yet Born
) and J. E. Casely Hayford, author of Osiris Rising. Ghanaian music incorporates several distinct types of
instruments such as
talking drums, the atenteben and koloko lute, the atumpan, and log xylophones used in asonko music. The most well-known genre to come from
Ghana is
highlife. Highlife originated in the late 19th century and early 20th
In the 1990s, a new
genre of music,
hiplife, was created through the combination of highlife, Afro-reggae, dancehall and hiphop. Hiplife is the most popular Ghanaian music, followed by highlife. Some popular dances include Adowa and Azonto. Other traditional dances from Ghana are
Kpanlogo, Klama and Bamaya.  
Kwame Nkrumah the first Commander-in-Chief
of the Republic of Ghana was deposed in 1966, after which Ghana entered a
period of military rule. On 31 December 1981, the regime led by
Flight lieutenant Jerry John Rawlings installed the Provisional National Defence
Council (PNDC), of which he became Chairman.
In 1992, Rawlings
retired from the military and set up the
National Democratic
(NDC), and was
subsequently elected for two terms as President.
Ghana has been a stable
democracy since 1992. Following the death of President John Atta Mills in July
2012, Vice President John Dramani Mahama became interim head of state. In
December 2012, he was elected president and is still the current president of


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